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Enterocolita: Simptome Si Regim


CorinA

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Enterocolita este o inflamatie a intestinului gros si subtire.

Aceasta boala se intalneste la orice varsta,avand cauze infectioase,chimice,toxice sau fizice.Germenii care o provoaca sunt enterobacteriaceele(bacili coli patogeni,enterococi,Proteus,piocianici).Enterocolitele acute sunt provocate de diferite specii de Salmonella,Shigella si Escherichia.

Ea este prezenta cel mai frecvent in anotimpul calduros.

Care sunt factorii determinarii enterocolitei?

  • arsenul
  • fosforul
  • mercurul
  • uleiurile volatile
  • toxinele unor ciuperci
  • abuzul de medicamente (laxative,salicilati,PAS,butazolidina,antibiotice)
  • alimente excesiv de reci/fierbinti
  • bauturile fermentate.

Simptome:

  • lipsa poftei de mancare
  • greata
  • durere de cap difuza sau localizata, continua sau intermitenta
  • stare de neliniste
  • dureri abdominale
  • zgomote hidro-aerice
  • balonari
  • varsaturi
  • diaree
  • gaze urat mirositoare
  • scaune numeroare(5-10-20 pe zi)
  • scaune lichide
  • febra
  • frisoane
  • puls mic
  • hipotensiune

Regim alimentar:

  • 24-48h regim hidric:apa,ceai de menta fara zahar,zeama de orez

Apoi dieta se imbogateste treptat:
  • supa de zarzavat strecurata(cu orez,cu gris)
  • orez fiert in aburi
  • carne slaba la gratar
  • piureuri de legume
  • mere rase

Se interzic pe o perioada indelungata:

  • laptele
  • fructele
  • conservele
  • zarzavaturile uscate
  • leguminoasele
  • mezelurile
  • condimentele
  • marmelada etc.

  • Upvote 1

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